High commendation, true applause and love, Yet such I shall desire more love and knowledge of you. . Finds tongues in trees, books in the running brooks. As You Like It is a pastoral comedy by William Shakespeare believed to have been written in . Thomas Morley's First Book of Ayres, published in London in contains a musical setting for the song "It was a lover and his lass" from As You. As You Like It book. Read reviews from the world's largest community for readers. As You Like It is a pastoral comedy by William Shakespeare believ.
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Free site book and epub digitized and proofread by Project Gutenberg. As You Like It by William Shakespeare. No cover available. Download; Bibrec. This book contains a general introduction to Shakespeare's life and Elizabethan theatre, a separate introduction to As You Like It, a chronology, suggestions for. From a general summary to chapter summaries to explanations of famous quotes , the SparkNotes As You Like It Study Guide has everything you need to ace.
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As You Like It by William Shakespeare
Loved the book and the way of writing. Just okay. Only text doesn't meet the requirements of the readers. According to the inquest into his death, Marlowe had been killed in a brawl following an argument over the "reckoning" of a bill in a room in a house in Deptford , owned by the widow Eleanor Bull in The posthumous publication of Hero and Leander would have revived interest in his work and the circumstances of his death.
These words in Act IV, i, in Rosalind's speech, "I will weep for nothing, like Diana in the fountain", may refer to an alabaster image of Diana which was set up in Cheapside in However, it should be remembered Diana is mentioned by Shakespeare in at least ten other plays, and is often depicted in myth and art as at her bath. Certain anachronisms exist as well, such as the minor character Sir Oliver Martext's possible reference to the Marprelate Controversy which transpired between and On the basis of these references, it seems that As You Like It may have been composed in —, but it remains impossible to say with any certainty.
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Though the play is consistently one of Shakespeare's most frequently performed comedies, scholars have long disputed over its merits. Shaw liked to think that Shakespeare wrote the play as a mere crowdpleaser , and signalled his own middling opinion of the work by calling it As You Like It — as if the playwright did not agree. Tolstoy objected to the immorality of the characters and Touchstone's constant clowning.
Other critics have found great literary value in the work.
Harold Bloom has written that Rosalind is among Shakespeare's greatest and most fully realised female characters. The elaborate gender reversals in the story are of particular interest to modern critics interested in gender studies. Through four acts of the play, Rosalind, who in Shakespeare's day would have been played by a boy, finds it necessary to disguise herself as a boy, whereupon the rustic Phebe, also played by a boy, becomes infatuated with this " Ganymede ", a name with homoerotic overtones.
In fact, the epilogue, spoken by Rosalind to the audience, states rather explicitly that she or at least the actor playing her is not a woman. In several scenes, "Ganymede" impersonates Rosalind' so a boy actor would have been playing a girl disguised as a boy impersonating a girl. Arden is the name of a forest located close to Shakespeare's home town of Stratford-upon-Avon , but Shakespeare probably had in mind the French Arden Wood, featured in Orlando Innamorato , especially since the two Orlando epics, Orlando Innamorato and Orlando Furioso , have other connections with the play.
In the Orlando mythos, Arden Wood is the location of Merlin's Fountain, a magic fountain causing anyone who drinks from it to fall out of love.
The Oxford Shakespeare edition rationalises the confusion between the two Ardens by assuming that "Arden" is an anglicisation of the forested Ardennes region of France, where Lodge set his tale  and alters the spelling to reflect this. Other editions keep Shakespeare's "Arden" spelling, since it can be argued that the pastoral mode depicts a fantastical world in which geographical details are irrelevant.
The Arden edition of Shakespeare makes the suggestion that the name "Arden" comes from a combination of the classical region of Arcadia and the biblical garden of Eden , as there is a strong interplay of classical and Christian belief systems and philosophies within the play. Following the tradition of a romantic comedy, As You Like It is a tale of love manifested in its varied forms.
In many of the love-stories, it is love at first sight. This principle of "love at first sight" is seen in the love-stories of Rosalind and Orlando, Celia and Oliver, as well as Phebe and Ganymede. The love-story of Audrey and Touchstone is a parody of romantic love. Another form of love is between women, as in Rosalind and Celia's deep bond. This is a significant theme of this play. The new Duke Frederick usurps his older brother Duke Senior, while Oliver parallels this behavior by treating his younger brother Orlando so ungenerously as to compel him to seek his fortune elsewhere.
Both Duke Senior and Orlando take refuge in the forest, where justice is restored "through nature. The play highlights the theme of usurpation and injustice on the property of others.
However, it ends happily with reconciliation and forgiveness. Duke Frederick is converted by a hermit and he restores the dukedom to Duke Senior who, in his turn, restores the forest to the deer. Oliver also undergoes a change of heart and learns to love Orlando. Thus, the play ends on a note of rejoicing and merry-making. Most of the play is a celebration of life in the country. The inhabitants of Duke Frederick's court suffer the perils of arbitrary injustice and even threats of death; the courtiers who followed the old duke into forced exile in the "desert city" of the forest are, by contrast, experiencing liberty but at the expense of some easily borne discomfort.
Act II, i. A passage between Touchstone, the court jester, and shepherd Corin establishes the contentment to be found in country life, compared with the perfumed, mannered life at court. Act III, I. At the end of the play the usurping duke and the exiled courtier Jaques both elect to remain within the forest. University of Wisconsin professor Richard Knowles, the editor of the New Variorum edition of this play, in his article "Myth and Type in As You Like It",  pointed out that the play contains mythological references in particular to Eden and to Hercules.
As You Like It is known as a musical comedy because of the number of songs in the play. Indeed, there are more songs in it than in any other play of Shakespeare. These songs and music are incorporated in the action that takes place in the forest of Arden, as shown below:. As a mood of a character changes, he or she may change from one form of expression to the other in mid-scene. Indeed, in a metafictional touch, Jaques cuts off a prose dialogue with Rosalind because Orlando enters, using verse: All the world's a stage And all the men and women merely players; They have their exits and their entrances, And one man in his time plays many parts.
The arresting imagery and figures of speech in the monologue develop the central metaphor: The main theme of pastoral comedy is love in all its guises in a rustic setting, the genuine love embodied by Rosalind contrasted with the sentimentalised affectations of Orlando, and the improbable happenings that set the urban courtiers wandering to find exile, solace or freedom in a woodland setting are no more unrealistic than the string of chance encounters in the forest which provoke witty banter and which require no subtleties of plotting and character development.
The main action of the first act is no more than a wrestling match, and the action throughout is often interrupted by a song. At the end, Hymen himself arrives to bless the wedding festivities.
The stock characters in conventional situations were familiar material for Shakespeare and his audience; it is the light repartee and the breadth of the subjects that provide opportunities for wit that put a fresh stamp on the proceedings.
At the centre the optimism of Rosalind is contrasted with the misogynistic melancholy of Jaques. Shakespeare would take up some of the themes more seriously later: The play, turning upon chance encounters in the forest and several entangled love affairs in a serene pastoral setting, has been found, by many directors, to be especially effective staged outdoors in a park or similar site. There is no certain record of any performance before the Restoration. However, the outspoken Rosalind soon earns her uncle's wrath and is also condemned to exile.
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The two cousins decide to flee together and join Duke Senior in the forest. Meanwhile, a young nobleman, Orlando is thrown out of his home by his cruel older brother Oliver. He too finds his way into the forest. What follows is absolutely captivating and a typical Shakespearean comedy! As You Like It was printed in the First Folio in though there is evidence to show that it was performed quite regularly after its presumed creation between Though a very popular play and one that has been invariably brought to stage, As You Like It is not considered to be the finest of Shakespeare's works.
However, others like critic Harold Bloom have found Rosalind to be one of Shakespeare's great heroines.In the text as you like it by William Shakespeare many characters have alter egos in whom they use to influence and associate themselves with other characters.
The role of Adam may have been played by Shakespeare, though this story is said to be apocryphal. Orlando and his servant Adam, meanwhile, find the Duke and his men and are soon living with them and posting simplistic love poems for Rosalind on the trees. Don't have a site? Meanwhile warned by the longtime family servant, old Adam, that Oliver is plotting to kill him, Orlando In several scenes, "Ganymede" impersonates Rosalind' so a boy actor would have been playing a girl disguised as a boy impersonating a girl.
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