Important Inventions and Discoveries PDF covers the list of all Important . Who among the following scientists invented Remote Control?. The most influential scientists of all time / edited by Kara Rogers.—1st ed. p. cm.—(The Britannica guide to the world's most influential people). Some famous scientists and their most remarkable inventions and discoveries. Invention is something you create by experimentation, where as discovery is.

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inventions and in men who accomplish great things, may it also bring them into .. AMONG THE MOST ILLUSTRIOUS FOLLOWERS OF SCIENCE. AND REAL. Science & Technology. Creativity and Inventions. Ashok Misra. Chairman-India, Intellectual Ventures. Former Director, IIT Bombay [email protected] PDF | On Mar 1, , Rajesh Kumar and others published Invention. Cite this publication. Rajesh Kumar at Ministry of Science and Technology, India.

Jane Goodall - Studied chimpanzees in the wild for many years. Johannes Gutenberg - Invented the printing press. Antoine Lavoisier - Father of modern chemistry. James Naismith - Invented the sport of basketball. Isaac Newton - Discovered the theory of gravity and the three laws of motion. Louis Pasteur - Discovered pasteurization, vaccines, and founded the science of germ theory. The Wright Brothers - Invented the first airplane.

Types of Scientists Scientists study the world around us using the scientific method. They perform experiments to find out how nature works.

While we often talk about a person being a "scientist", there are actually many different types of scientists. This is because most scientists study and become experts in a specific field of science.

There are literally hundreds of scientific fields of study. Rudolf Diesel March 18, - disappeared September 29, Invented the compression combustion engine, which was named the Diesel engine after him. Rudolf Hell December 19, - March 11, Formulated pioneering technology for the scanner and the fax machine hellschreiber. Thomas Edison February 11, - October 18, Edison was involved in countless inventions, either directly or through the several engineers he employed.

He is known for the invention and commercialization of the electric light and the phonograph. William Henry Perkin March 12, - July 14, First to produce a synthetic aniline dye -- mauveine, of the color mauve.

Alexander Fleming August 6, - March 11, Discovered the fungus responsible for the production of penicillin, Penicillium notatum.

Important Inventions and Discoveries PDF

Andreas Vesalius December 31, - October 15, First to describe the human skeletal system and muscular system accurately and in great detail. Aryabhata also did commendable work in trigonometry, creating one of the earliest trigonometric tables later found to be accurate , and astronomy, discovering the daily rotation of the earth.

Carl Linnaeus May 12, - January 10, Formed the taxonomical system of binomial nomenclature, wherein the name of the genus is followed by the name of the species.

For instance, human beings are termed as Homo sapiens, wherein Homo is the genus and sapiens is the species. Carl Wilhelm Scheele December 9, - May 21, Discovered oxygen, although Joseph Priestly published his findings first and is thus given credit for the discovery.

Sir Chandrashekhar Venkata Raman November 7, - November 21, Discovered the change in the wavelength -- and thus the color -- of light traveling through a transparent medium, a phenomenon later named after him -- the Raman effect.

Charles Darwin February 12, - April 19, Formulated the theory of evolution, explaining the huge diversity in organisms as a result of millions of years of unceasing evolution programmed by natural selection.

Copernicus February 19, - May 24, The first to accurately describe the solar system as heliocentric having the sun at the center rather than geocentric having the earth at the center Dmitri Mendeleev February 8, - February 2, Created a comprehensive periodic table of elements, incorporating the Newland's law of octaves and leaving blanks where he theorized the presence of elements that had not yet been discovered.

Most of these gaps were later found to be correct. Edward Jenner May 17, - January 26, Discovered the process of vaccination by proving that deliberate or accidental infection of cowpox provided immunity against smallpox, an untreatable disease in Jenner's time.

Jenner is said to have saved more lives than any other man in history!

Ernest Rutherford August 30, - October 19, Discovered the phenomenon of radioactive half-life and the change in the atomic number of the element due to radiation, sowing the seeds of the extensive future research into nuclear fission. Due to his highly influential findings, Rutherford is termed the 'father of nuclear physics'.

April 6, Discovered the double-helical structure of the DNA molecule. Although Hertz didn't realize the full ramifications of his work, the seminal research led to the discoveries made by Jagadish Chandra Bose, Marconi et al.

Henri Becquerel December 15, - August 25, Discovered radioactivity in uranium salts. Isaac Newton December 25, - March 20, One of the most revered scientists in history and rightly so , Newton discovered and formulated the laws of gravity and the three laws of motion, along with invaluable work in several other fields. He was also closely involved in the development of calculus. James Chadwick October 20, - July 24, Discovered the electrically neutral particle in atoms, neutron.

Earliest air-cushion vehicle patent was in by J. Thornycroft England. Cowes, England, May 30, Iron Working , c. Hallstatt, Austria.

Introduced into Britain c. Jet Engine , Sir Frank Whittle England b. First tested run in First flight August 27, by Heinkel He. Laser , Charles H. Townes U. First demonstration by Theodore Maiman U. Lathe , c.

Greeks for wood-working. Possibly developed from potter's wheel. Earliest screw cutting lathe by Henry Maudsly England Locomotive , Richard Trevithick England Penydarren, Wales, 9 Miles February Maps , c. Sumerians clay tablets. Earliest world map by Eratosthenes c. Margarine , Hippolyte Mege-Mouries France.

Initially, made of beef suet, warm milk and sheep stomach lining. Match Safety , Lundstrom Sweden. Amorphous phosphorus disc, , Anton von Schrotter. Microphone , Alexander Graham Bell U. Name coined by David Hughes. Microscope , Zacharis Janssen Netherlands.

Compound convex-concave lens. Microscope Electron , Vladimir Kosme Sworykin Russia, later U. Demonstrated Camden, New Jersey, Motorcycle , Edward Butler England. First exhibited by Daimler, earliest factory in Munich Neon Lamp , Georges Claude France First installation in U.

Cosmopolitan Theatre, July Nylon , Wallace H. Carothers U. First stockings made about Bristle production, February 25, Yarn production, December Parachute, Andre Jacques Garnerin France First descent from 2, ft over Paris. Earliest jump from aircraft March 1, by Capt A. Berry U. Louis, Missouri. Parchment , c.

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Modern name from Pergamam, Asia Minor, c. Phonograph , Head cranked cylinder at Menlo Park. Patent, February First described on April 30, , by Charles Cross France Photography on metal , Sensitised pewter plate, 8 hrs exposure at Chalon-sur-Saone, France. Photography on paper , Fox Talbot England Lacock Abbey, Wiltshire, England. Photography on film , John Carbutt U. Kodak by George Eastman U.

Potter's Wheel , c. Asia Minor. Used in Mesopotamia Iraq , c. Printing Press , c. Johannes Gutenberg Germany c.

Hand printing known in India in Printing Rotary , Richard Hoe U. Philadelphia public ledger rotary printed, Radar , Allbert H.

Free E-Book : 100+ Scientists – Their Inventions & Discoveries

Taylor and Leo C. Young U. Radio reflection effect noted. Radio Telegraphy over 1 km , At Cambridge, England. Radio Telegraphy Trans-Atlantic , Guglielmo Marconi Italy From Poldhu, Cornwall to St. Holn's, New Zealand December Earliest broadcast of speech by Prof. Reginald Fessenden U.

Rayon , Sir Joseph Swann England Production at Courtauld's Ltd.

Name "Rayon" adopted in Razor Safety , King C. Gillette U. First throw-away blades. Earliest fixed safety razor by Kampfe. Razor Electric , Jacob Schick U. First manufactured Stanford, Connecticut; March Reaper , Henry Ogle U. Record long-playing , Petter Goldmark U. Refrigerator , James Harrison [Australian j Bendigo. Australia, Brewery. Rocket Engine , Robert H.

Goddard USA , considered as father of modern rocket propulsion. Rubber waterproof , Charles Macintosh Scotland First experiments in Glasgow. Rubber introduced into Europe in Rubber tyres , Thomas Hancock England Introduced solid rubber tyres for vehicles see also bicycle.

Rubber latex foam , Dunlop Rubber Co. Team led by E. Murphy at Fort Dunlop, Birmingham, England. Sewing Machine: Fundamental principle, double-pointed needle invented by Charles Fredrick Wiesenthal U. First patent in England by Thomas Saint, First machine put to factory use invented by Barthelemy Thimonnier France , patented in The eye pointed needle and double-lock stitch invented by Walter Hunt of New York , but never patented.

Elias Howe of Spencer, Mass, developed his machine independently not aware of Hunt's work , patented in. Earliest practical domestic machine invented by Isaac M.Seismologist - Studies earthquakes and the movements of the Earth's crust.

Jane Goodall - Studied chimpanzees in the wild for many years. At the University of Pavia, Galvani's colleague Alessandro Volta was able to reproduce the results, but was sceptical of Galvani's explanation. Inventor : Richard Hoe U. Inventor : Johannes Gutenberg Germany c. Telegraph, Absolute zero temperature; cessation of all molecular energy, , William Thompson and Lord Kelvin, England.

Concave lens myopia not developed till c. Zip Fastener ,